RYŪGAKU: Explorations in Study Abroad

Wordle Summary
Title: The Benefits of Compulsory Ryugaku
Author: Patrick Strefford
Published: August 2009 (Volume 2, No. 2)
Pages: 9 - 11
Type of Article: Single group pretest/posttest quantitative study
Research Questions:
(No formal questions raised)
Informants: 69 second-year students from one department of Kyoto Sangyo University who completed a 3-week study abroad program at four different possible locations
Instrument(s): A 19-item written bilingual survey, mostly in a Likert-type scale format
Procedure: Pre-departure / post-return administration of survey (time interval not specified)
  • After their study abroad experience, "most" informants reported greater confidence in speaking English according to a 5-point Likert scale.
  • After their study abroad experience, 80% of the informants (n=55) reported interest in studying overseas for longer periods.
Validity Issues:
  1. Data is presented in terms of raw results without any statistical analyses.
  2. Intra-group comparisons of the four different study abroad locations not possible from a quantitative perspective due to small sample size.
  3. Expectancy bias may be an issue in the wording of some of the survey items.
Full Text: Available at http://jalt-sa.org/PDF/Ryuugaku-2(2).pdf
Keywords: study abroad program evaluation, overseas field research, compulsory ryuugaku, short-term study abroad, Kyoto Sangyou University

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